It's about the movement and the need for movement of small children. In April 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) was tempted to make a recommendation about how much time Infants to five years should move per day. In parallel, there was once a recommendation on the screen time. That's nice, but the WHO concludes a gaping hole, because so far has already been touched only by the amount of movement of children over five years.
For the first time WHO set up recommendations for infants
The massively increasing quite well diversified media consumption has consequences for our children: overwork, insomnia, poor language development and obesity are just a few. Basically, we should already know all this, because developmental psychologists and medical doctors have been warning for many years before these contexts. But it's so convenient but to deal with the small Zappelgeister somehow, so that one even has its peace.
The subject movement was and is important for the WHO, whose previous estimates already emanated from the fact that worldwide each year about five million people die due to lack of exercise. unfortunately we have noticed that move in about 23 percent of adult men and even 80 percent of young people too little today.
Children older than five years are at least one hour be physically active every day, that means consistently moderate to strenuous movements to develop physically healthy. At least three times a week they should take their body properly, and hence their strength and endurance. However, for small children there was not yet such specific recommendations.
Where then did the change of heart at the WHO?
Up to these recommendations, it was a long way for years were evaluating on the scientists many studies that dealt with the relationships between physical activity and health in young children. Here, all childhood activities were practically started when crawling, standing, walking, running and jumping, as well as balancing, dancing, climbing, cycling or jumping rope thrown into the mix.
What the WHO has this very well, that was the bow, she has stretched as health interaction between physical activity and adequate sleep, because of the healthy sleep is one of the main conditions for the mental, physical and psychosocial development of a child. It is significant in many studies that children who sleep very little, significantly more often overweight and have psychological problems than youngsters.
And so are the current WHO recommendations made with regard to the different age groups, with here always the reference period is provided 24 hours:
Baby 12 months
By the age of three months, babies should sleep 14 to 17 hours. After that, the daily sleep duration may be reduced to 12 to 16 hours. The physically active phase should result in a total of at least half an hour. Here, parents can support their children through play. In the very young can Lying on his stomach to the relatively strenuous positions already counts.
Sitting in front of the television will still spend no time so small children. If the seating position is unavoidable, the toddler to Kurzweil should tell a story or a children's book to be read. Although sometimes the fixing of children, for example in the car seat, necessary in a stroller or in a carrying strap, but this time should be limited strictly to a maximum of one hour.
Toddlers up to two years
Including the midday sleep gets the toddler now 11 to 14 hours of sleep. It is helpful when the sleep and wake-up times can be handled every day the same. Physical activity may be extended in total to three hours now, the movements should be varied and so exhausting that the child something comes out of breath times. These little kids do not have anything to look in front of the television. A maximum one-hour fixation, which is lightened by books and stories, applies here as well.
Three- to four-year-old children
Healthy sleep is now 10 to 13 hours and the afternoon nap is optional. Regular bedtimes are highly advisable for everyone involved. Also applies to these children that they have to move three hours a day tidy at least, a whole hour of it may be quite a bit more strenuous and pulse chasing. Running, biking, playing with the ball, dancing and swimming can and should it take place alternately. Sitting in front of the screen is no longer a taboo, but should definitely be limited to one hour. The child's fixation continues to be limited to 60 minutes.
The WHO takes position
Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus is director of the WHO. As part of the press release about the recommendations he notes that early childhood is crucial for the development of a person. Therefore, this brief phase of life is so important for laying the foundation stone of good habits that promote health. And that is a central task of the parents.
With the clear message that should babies and toddlers sit less, but move more and play, the WHO is pursuing the noble goal, in the long term to combat the dangerous obesity already in the children. The WHO recommendations apply equally to the way countries with high, medium, or rather low average income.
The next update is planned in ten years. to fulfill this right now WHO recommendations with life, which is to all of us, especially those who are just new parents have become. Strollers, high chairs and seating paddles are truly important items in everyday life, not least for the security and safety of our children, if we have to leave them once briefly out of sight. But the emphasis here is on "short", so we interpret the new WHO recommendation.
Certainly today's International Children's Day is to heed the WHO recommendations seriously a good opportunity.
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